Latvia

Recent developments:
  • Change of legal status of universities, leading to lifting of restrictions concerning surpluses and borrowing
  • Establishment of a new national quality assurance agency in July 2015 and development of study field accreditation
  • Restrictions set up by the State on salaries of administrative staff

Organisational autonomy: medium low

Universities must follow a series of regulations regarding their governance – an external authority confirms both the appointment and dismissal of the executive head, whose selection criteria are set in law. A maximum term of office is also prescribed. Universities are not permitted to include external members in their governing bodies. They can decide on their academic structures and create legal entities.

Financial autonomy: high

Internal allocation of funds received from the annual block grant is now up to the universities, and there is greater freedom to borrow funds and keep surpluses. Public universities may also own real estate, and now sell previously state-owned buildings with permission. Universities are able to decide on tuition fees for those students who do not have state-funded study places.

Academic autonomy: medium low

Universities decide on fee-paying student numbers. They co-regulate admission criteria at Bachelor level and are in control of admissions at Master level. There are multiple levels of accreditation, limitations on language of instruction, and constraints on the development of the content of the academic programmes.

Staffing autonomy: high

Universities can recruit and set salaries for their senior academic and administrative staff; however, minimum salaries are set by the state for academic staff and restrictions have been implemented nationally for administrative staff. Dismissals are subject to regular labour law and universities can promote senior administrative staff freely. Promotions for academic staff are constrained by the mandatory periodical re-opening of academic positions.

Organisational weighted 57% unweighted 56%

0

0% Selection procedure for the executive head

The selection of the executive head is validated by an external authority

75

75% Selection criteria for the executive head

The law states that the executive head must hold an academic position

This applies to 13 other countries: Croatia, Denmark, Estonia, Flanders, France, Hungary, Italy, Luxembourg, Poland, Portugal, Serbia, Spain, Sweden

40

40% Dismissal of the executive head

The dismissal is confirmed by an external authority and the procedure is stated in the law

This applies to 5 other countries: Brandenburg, Iceland, Luxembourg, Slovakia, Spain

60

60% Term of office of the executive head

The maximum or range of length is stated in the law

This applies to 2 other countries: Finland, Hungary,

57

57% External members in university governing bodies

Universities cannot decide as they cannot include external members

This applies to 2 other countries: Brandenburg, Poland

100

100% Capacity to decide on academic structures

Universities can decide on their academic structures without constraints

60

60% Capacity to create legal entities

Other restrictions

This applies to 6 other countries: Denmark, Iceland, Ireland, Poland, Slovakia, Sweden

Financial weighted 90% unweighted 93%

60

60% Length of public funding cycle

100

100% Type of public funding

Block grant and there are no restrictions on the allocation of funding

100

100% Ability to borrow money

Universities can borrow money without restrictions

This applies to 7 other countries: Austria, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Flanders, Wallonia, The Netherlands

100

100% Ability to keep surplus

Surplus can be kept without restrictions

60

60% Ability to own buildings

Universities can sell their buildings with other types of restrictions

This applies to 4 other countries: Finland, Flanders, Ireland, Poland

100

100% Tuition fees for national/EU students at Bachelor level

Universities are free to set the level of tuition fees

This applies to 3 other countries: Lithuania, Luxembourg, Serbia

100

100% Tuition fees for national/EU students at Master's level

Universities are free to set the level of tuition fees

This applies to 6 other countries: Ireland, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Portugal, Serbia, United Kingdom

100

100% Tuition fees for national/EU students at doctoral level

Universities are free to set the level of tuition fees

100

100% Tuition fees for non-EU students at Bachelor level

Universities are free to set the level of tuition fees

100

100% Tuition fees for non-EU students at Master's level

Universities are free to set the level of tuition fees

100

100% Tuition fees for non-EU students at doctoral level

Universities are free to set the level of tuition fees

Staffing weighted 89% unweighted 89%

75

75% Recruitment procedures for senior academic staff

Other restrictions

100

100% Recruitment procedures for senior administrative staff

Recruitments are carried out freely by universities

100

100% Salaries for senior academic staff

Universities can freely decide on staff salaries

This applies to 4 other countries: Estonia, Luxembourg, Sweden, Switzerland

83

83% Salaries for senior administrative staff

Other restrictions

This applies to 4 other countries: Flanders, Hungary, Ireland, Poland

100

100% Dismissal of senior academic staff

There are no sector-specific regulations concerning dismissals (national labour regulations apply)

This applies to 8 other countries: Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom

100

100% Dismissal of senior administrative staff

There are no sector-specific regulations concerning dismissals (national labour regulations apply)

57

57% Promotion procedures for senior academic staff

Promotions are only possible if there is a post at a higher level

This applies to 7 other countries: Brandenburg, Croatia, Wallonia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Portugal, Serbia

100

100% Promotion procedures for senior administrative staff

Universities can freely decide on promotion procedures

Academic weighted 45% unweighted 50%

60

60% Overall student numbers

Universities decide on the number of fee-paying students while an external authority sets the number of state-funded study places

This applies to 3 other countries: Croatia, Hungary, Lithuania

60

60% Admissions procedures at Bachelor level

Admission criteria are co-regulated by an external authority and universities

100

100% Admissions procedures at Master's level

Admission criteria are set by the university

40

40% Introduction of programmes at Bachelor level

Other restrictions

This applies to 9 other countries: Austria, Brandenburg, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Flanders, Hesse, Iceland, Sweden

40

40% Introduction of programmes at Master's level

Other restrictions

This applies to 9 other countries: Austria, Brandenburg, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Flanders, Hesse, Iceland, Sweden

40

40% Introduction of programmes at doctoral level

Other restrictions

This applies to 7 other countries: Austria, Estonia, Finland, Flanders, Iceland, Poland, Sweden

100

100% Termination of degree programmes

Universities can terminate degree programmes independently

50

50% Language of instruction at Bachelor level

The number of degree programmes/courses taught in a foreign language is limited by an external authority

This applies to one other country: Flanders

Universities can choose the language of instruction but will not receive public funding for foreign-language programmes

This applies to 2 other countries: Croatia, Serbia

50

50% Language of instruction at Master's level

The number of degree programmes/courses taught in a foreign language is limited by an external authority

This applies to one other country: Flanders

Universities can choose the language of instruction but will not receive public funding for foreign-language programmes

This applies to 2 other countries: Croatia, Serbia

0

0% Selection of quality assurance mechanisms

Universities cannot select quality assurance mechanisms

0

0% Selection of quality assurance providers

Universities cannot choose the quality assurance agency

60

60% Capacity to design content of degree programmes

Authorities specify some content of academic courses

This applies to 2 other countries: Italy, Lithuania