Lithuania

Recent developments:

New law passed in July 2016 addressing organizational and financial aspects, including:

  • Selection of external members in governing bodies by universities themselves
  • Dismissal of rector no longer subject to ministry approval
  • Removal of ceiling on tuition fees
  • Less restrictions on borrowing and option to sell buildings under specific conditions

Organisational autonomy: high

Lithuanian universities select, appoint and dismiss their rector independently. The law includes basic selection criteria and specifies the term of office. Universities have recently acquired the capacity to select external members in governing bodies independently.

Financial autonomy: medium high

Lithuanian universities receive annual block grants with limited internal allocation possibilities. They cannot keep surpluses but may resort to borrowing more easily than in the past. The State continues to own university buildings. The externally set ceilings on tuition fees charged to self-funded students were lifted and universities can now set the level of fees for these students autonomously.

Academic autonomy: medium low

Universities can decide on the number of fee-paying students but can only select students at Master level. Programme evaluation is mandatory every six years. There are limitations on the use of foreign languages in academic programmes. Some of the content of academic programmes is determined by an external authority.

Staffing autonomy: high

Lithuanian universities recruit their senior academic staff relatively autonomously on the basis of minimum regulations and salary bands set in law. Recruitment and salaries of senior administrative staff are an internal university matter. There are no specific regulations regarding dismissals and promotions are possible in case of vacancy.

Organisational weighted 87% unweighted 82%

100

100% Selection procedure for the executive head

The selection of the executive head is not validated by an external authority

75

75% Selection criteria for the executive head

The law states that the executive head must hold a doctoral degree

This applies to one other country: Finland

100

100% Dismissal of the executive head

Other restrictions

This applies to 7 other countries: Austria, Hesse, Italy, North Rhine-Westphalia, Norway, Poland, Slovenia

0

0% Term of office of the executive head

The exact length is stated in the law

100

100% External members in university governing bodies

Universities cannot decide as they must include external members

Universities can freely decide on external members

This applies to 6 other countries: Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Italy, Portugal, United Kingdom

100

100% Capacity to decide on academic structures

Universities can decide on their academic structures without constraints

100

100% Capacity to create legal entities

Universities can create legal entities without constraints

Financial weighted 61% unweighted 73%

60

60% Length of public funding cycle

60

60% Type of public funding

Block grant is split into broad categories and there are no or limited possibilities to move funds between these

This applies to 7 other countries: France, Wallonia, Hungary, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden

80

80% Ability to borrow money

Universities can borrow money with other types of restrictions

This applies to 3 other countries: Iceland, Poland, United Kingdom

0

0% Ability to keep surplus

Surplus cannot be kept

This applies to 2 other countries: Ireland, Serbia

0

0% Ability to own buildings

Universities are not allowed to own their buildings

This applies to 6 other countries: Brandenburg, Hesse, Hungary, North Rhine-Westphalia, Serbia, Sweden

100

100% Tuition fees for national/EU students at Bachelor level

Universities are free to set the level of tuition fees

This applies to 3 other countries: Latvia, Luxembourg, Serbia

100

100% Tuition fees for national/EU students at Master's level

Universities are free to set the level of tuition fees

This applies to 6 other countries: Ireland, Latvia, Luxembourg, Portugal, Serbia, United Kingdom

100

100% Tuition fees for national/EU students at doctoral level

Universities are free to set the level of tuition fees

This applies to 8 other countries: Croatia, Ireland, Latvia, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Portugal, Serbia, United Kingdom

100

100% Tuition fees for non-EU students at Bachelor level

Universities are free to set the level of tuition fees

100

100% Tuition fees for non-EU students at Master's level

Universities are free to set the level of tuition fees

100

100% Tuition fees for non-EU students at doctoral level

Universities are free to set the level of tuition fees

Staffing weighted 83% unweighted 83%

75

75% Recruitment procedures for senior academic staff

Recruitments are carried out freely by universities

Other restrictions

100

100% Recruitment procedures for senior administrative staff

Recruitments are carried out freely by universities

75

75% Salaries for senior academic staff

Salary bands are prescribed by an external authority for all staff

This applies to 4 other countries: France, Hungary, Ireland, Serbia

100

100% Salaries for senior administrative staff

Universities can freely decide on staff salaries

This applies to 5 other countries: Estonia, Luxembourg, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom

100

100% Dismissal of senior academic staff

There are no sector-specific regulations concerning dismissals (national labour regulations apply)

This applies to 8 other countries: Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Luxembourg, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom

100

100% Dismissal of senior administrative staff

There are no sector-specific regulations concerning dismissals (national labour regulations apply)

57

57% Promotion procedures for senior academic staff

Promotions are only possible if there is a post at a higher level

This applies to 7 other countries: Brandenburg, Croatia, Wallonia, Latvia, Luxembourg, Portugal, Serbia

57

57% Promotion procedures for senior administrative staff

Promotions are only possible if there is a post at a higher level

This applies to 4 other countries: Brandenburg, Wallonia, Portugal, Serbia

Academic weighted 42% unweighted 44%

60

60% Overall student numbers

Universities decide on the number of fee-paying students while an external authority sets the number of state-funded study places

This applies to 3 other countries: Croatia, Hungary, Latvia,

0

0% Admissions procedures at Bachelor level

Admissions are entirely regulated by an external authority

This applies to 7 other countries: Austria, Flanders, France, Wallonia, Hungary, Slovenia, Switzerland

100

100% Admissions procedures at Master's level

Admission criteria are set by the university

0

0% Introduction of programmes at Bachelor level

All new degree programmes/courses must be submitted to prior accreditation to be introduced

0

0% Introduction of programmes at Master's level

All new degree programmes/courses must be submitted to prior accreditation to be introduced

40

40% Introduction of programmes at doctoral level

Only some universities/academic units can open new degree programmes

This does not apply to any other country.

100

100% Termination of degree programmes

Universities can terminate degree programmes independently

83

83% Language of instruction at Bachelor level

Universities can choose the language of instruction for certain programmes

This applies to one other country: Iceland

83

83% Language of instruction at Master's level

Universities can choose the language of instruction for certain programmes

This applies to one other country: France

0

0% Selection of quality assurance mechanisms

Universities cannot select quality assurance mechanisms

0

0% Selection of quality assurance providers

Universities cannot choose the quality assurance agency

60

60% Capacity to design content of degree programmes

Authorities specify some content of academic courses

This applies to 2 other countries: Italy, Latvia,