Luxembourg

The Luxembourgish higher education system is centred on the University of Luxembourg, which is the only higher education institution with university status in Luxembourg.

Recent developments:

  • There has been a continued decrease in the number of staff with civil servant status who now comprise less than 10% of staff

Organisational autonomy: low

The law prescribes the selection criteria for the executive head and their term of office. It also specifies the procedure for their dismissal. Both the appointment and dismissal of the executive head require the confirmation of an external authority. All the members of the main decision-making body are external to the university and they are all appointed by an external authority. Academic structures are outlined in law.

Financial autonomy: high

The university freely allocates funding internally on the basis of a four-year financial agreement. It requires the approval of an external authority to keep surpluses, borrow money and sell buildings. It freely decides on the level of tuition fees at all levels.

Academic autonomy: high

The university decides on overall student numbers and on student admission at all levels, as well as on the language of instruction. It can introduce new programmes autonomously and undergoes institutional accreditation.

Staffing autonomy: high

The university freely recruits senior academic and administrative staff. Phasing-out of the civil servant status means that the university can set salaries with increasing autonomy. There are no specific regulations for dismissals. Promotions for academic staff are only possible if there is a post available at a higher level.

Organisational weighted 34% unweighted 35%

0

0% Selection procedure for the executive head

The selection of the executive head is validated by an external authority

75

75% Selection criteria for the executive head

The law states that the executive head must hold an academic position

This applies to 13 other countries: Croatia, Denmark, Estonia, Flanders, France, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Poland, Portugal, Serbia, Spain, Sweden

40

40% Dismissal of the executive head

The dismissal is confirmed by an external authority and the procedure is stated in the law

This applies to 5 other countries: Brandenburg, Iceland, Latvia, Slovakia, Spain

0

0% Term of office of the executive head

The exact length is stated in the law

29

29% External members in university governing bodies

Universities cannot decide as they must include external members

The appointment is completely controlled by an external authority

This applies to 5 other countries: Hungary, The Netherlands, Serbia, Spain, Switzerland

0

0% Capacity to decide on academic structures

Faculties/other academic structures are listed in the law

This applies to 3 other countries: Croatia, Slovakia, Slovenia

100

100% Capacity to create legal entities

Universities can create legal entities without constraints

Financial weighted 91% unweighted 93%

100

100% Length of public funding cycle

More than one year

This applies to 2 other countries: Austria, Brandenburg,

100

100% Type of public funding

Block grant and there are no restrictions on the allocation of funding

80

80% Ability to borrow money

Universities can borrow money with the approval of an external authority

This applies to 4 other countries: Croatia, France, Slovenia, Spain

80

80% Ability to keep surplus

Surplus can be kept but the approval of an external authority is needed

This applies to 2 other countries: Iceland, Portugal

60

60% Ability to own buildings

Universities can sell their buildings with the approval of an external authority

This applies to 5 other countries: Croatia, Iceland, Norway, Slovenia, Switzerland

100

100% Tuition fees for national/EU students at Bachelor level

Universities are free to set the level of tuition fees

This applies to 3 other countries: Latvia, Lithuania, Serbia

100

100% Tuition fees for national/EU students at Master's level

Universities are free to set the level of tuition fees

This applies to 6 other countries: Ireland, Latvia, Lithuania, Portugal, Serbia, United Kingdom

100

100% Tuition fees for national/EU students at doctoral level

Universities are free to set the level of tuition fees

This applies to 8 other countries: Croatia, Ireland, Latvia, Lithuania, The Netherlands, Portugal, Serbia, United Kingdom

100

100% Tuition fees for non-EU students at Bachelor level

Universities are free to set the level of tuition fees

100

100% Tuition fees for non-EU students at Master's level

Universities are free to set the level of tuition fees

100

100% Tuition fees for non-EU students at doctoral level

Universities are free to set the level of tuition fees

Staffing weighted 94% unweighted 95%

100

100% Recruitment procedures for senior academic staff

Recruitments are carried out freely by universities

100

100% Recruitment procedures for senior administrative staff

Recruitments are carried out freely by universities

100

100% Salaries for senior academic staff

Universities can freely decide on staff salaries

This applies to 4 other countries: Estonia, Latvia, Sweden, Switzerland

100

100% Salaries for senior administrative staff

Universities can freely decide on staff salaries

This applies to 5 other countries: Estonia, Lithuania, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom

100

100% Dismissal of senior academic staff

There are no sector-specific regulations concerning dismissals (national labour regulations apply)

This applies to 8 other countries: Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom

100

100% Dismissal of senior administrative staff

There are no sector-specific regulations concerning dismissals (national labour regulations apply)

57

57% Promotion procedures for senior academic staff

Promotions are only possible if there is a post at a higher level

This applies to 7 other countries: Brandenburg, Croatia, Wallonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Portugal, Serbia

100

100% Promotion procedures for senior administrative staff

Universities can freely decide on promotion procedures

Academic weighted 89% unweighted 92%

100

100% Overall student numbers

Universities decide independently on the number of study places

This applies to 6 other countries: Estonia, Ireland, Italy, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom

100

100% Admissions procedures at Bachelor level

Admission criteria are set by the university

This applies to 8 other countries: Estonia, Finland, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Poland, Slovakia, United Kingdom

100

100% Admissions procedures at Master's level

Admission criteria are set by the university

100

100% Introduction of programmes at Bachelor level

Universities can open degree programmes without prior accreditation

This applies to 7 other countries: Austria, Ireland, Norway, Poland, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom

100

100% Introduction of programmes at Master's level

Universities can open degree programmes without prior accreditation

This applies to 7 other countries: Austria, Ireland, Norway, Poland, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom

100

100% Introduction of programmes at doctoral level

Universities can open degree programmes without prior accreditation

100

100% Termination of degree programmes

Universities can terminate degree programmes independently

100

100% Language of instruction at Bachelor level

Universities can choose the language of instruction for all programmes

100

100% Language of instruction at Master's level

Universities can choose the language of instruction for all programmes

100

100% Selection of quality assurance mechanisms

Universities cannot select quality assurance mechanisms

0

0% Selection of quality assurance providers

Universities cannot choose the quality assurance agency

100

100% Capacity to design content of degree programmes

Universities can freely design the content of degree programmes and courses (other than for the regulated professions)