Poland

Recent developments:

  • Introduction of the National Qualification Framework
  • Possibility to undergo faculty-level accreditation instead of programme accreditation
  • Lifting of restrictions on degree programme provision
  • Abolition of salary bands and removal of upper limit on salaries

Organisational autonomy: medium high

Universities appoint their executive heads independently; however, selection criteria, term of office and dismissal procedure are all stated in law. The university senate may not include external members. Universities may determine their internal academic structures. The activities of any legal entities established by universities must be linked to the mission of the university.

Financial autonomy: medium low

Although universities are free to allocate internally the funds received through the annual block grant, they do not control research funding distribution as it is directly allocated to faculties. The use of any surplus generated is subject to constraints imposed by an external authority. Borrowing is possible with some restrictions. Property transactions require external authorisation depending on the origins of the buildings involved. Universities may not charge tuition fees to full-time national/EU students. Fees for non-EU students are set through co-operation between universities and an external authority.

Academic autonomy: medium high

Universities decide on student numbers and set admission criteria at all levels. Universities may introduce new Bachelor’s and Master’s programmes freely, with exceptions. There are some restrictions on the ability of universities to introduce new doctoral degree programmes. Polish universities cannot choose either quality assurance mechanisms (mandatory programme or faculty-level accreditation) or providers.

Staffing autonomy: high

There are some restrictions regarding the ability of universities to recruit senior academic staff but universities recruit senior administrative freely. Minimum salary levels are set by an external authority. Dismissals for senior academic staff are subject to regulations specific to the sector, while this is not the case for senior administrative staff. Senior academic staff have a special status in law with rights that provide a high level of protection against dismissal.

Organisational weighted 67% unweighted 64%

100

100% Selection procedure for the executive head

The selection of the executive head is not validated by an external authority

50

50% Selection criteria for the executive head

The law states that the executive head must hold an academic position

This applies to 13 other countries: Croatia, Denmark, Estonia, Flanders, France, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Luxembourg, Portugal, Serbia, Spain, Sweden

The law states that the executive head must come from within the university

This applies to 3 other countries: Flanders, Serbia, Spain

60

60% Dismissal of the executive head

Other restrictions

This applies to 7 other countries: Austria, Hesse, Italy, Lithuania, North Rhine-Westphalia, Norway, Slovenia

0

0% Term of office of the executive head

The exact length is stated in the law

57

57% External members in university governing bodies

Universities cannot decide as they cannot include external members

This applies to 2 other countries: Brandenburg, Latvia,

100

100% Capacity to decide on academic structures

Universities can decide on their academic structures without constraints

80

80% Capacity to create legal entities

Other restrictions

This applies to 6 other countries: Denmark, Iceland, Ireland, Latvia, Slovakia, Sweden

Financial weighted 54% unweighted 47%

60

60% Length of public funding cycle

60

60% Type of public funding

Block grant with other restrictions

This applies to 4 other countries: Austria, Croatia, Hungary, Ireland,

80

80% Ability to borrow money

Universities can borrow money with other types of restrictions

This applies to 3 other countries: Iceland, Lithuania, United Kingdom

80

80% Ability to keep surplus

Surplus can be kept but its allocation is pre-determined by an external authority

This applies to 3 other countries: Brandenburg, Wallonia, Sweden

60

60% Ability to own buildings

Universities can sell their buildings with other types of restrictions

This applies to 4 other countries: Finland, Flanders, Ireland, Latvia,

0

0% Tuition fees for national/EU students at Bachelor level

There are no tuition fees

0

0% Tuition fees for national/EU students at Master's level

There are no tuition fees

0

0% Tuition fees for national/EU students at doctoral level

There are no tuition fees

60

60% Tuition fees for non-EU students at Bachelor level

Universities and an external authority cooperate in setting the level of tuition fees

This applies to 4 other countries: Denmark, Finland, Slovenia, Switzerland

60

60% Tuition fees for non-EU students at Master's level

Universities and an external authority cooperate in setting the level of tuition fees

This applies to 4 other countries: Denmark, Finland, Slovenia, Switzerland

60

60% Tuition fees for non-EU students at doctoral level

Universities and an external authority cooperate in setting the level of tuition fees

This applies to 3 other countries: Hungary, Slovenia, Switzerland

Staffing weighted 84% unweighted 84%

67

67% Recruitment procedures for senior academic staff

Appointments need to be confirmed by an external authority for some staff

This applies to 3 other countries: Croatia, France, Hungary,

Other restrictions

100

100% Recruitment procedures for senior administrative staff

Recruitments are carried out freely by universities

92

92% Salaries for senior academic staff

Other restrictions

This applies to 4 other countries: Flanders, Hungary, Ireland, Norway,

92

92% Salaries for senior administrative staff

Other restrictions

This applies to 4 other countries: Flanders, Hungary, Ireland, Latvia,

20

20% Dismissal of senior academic staff

Dismissals are subject to other regulations specific to the sector

This applies to 8 other countries: Austria, Croatia, Flanders, Ireland, The Netherlands, Serbia, Slovakia, Switzerland

100

100% Dismissal of senior administrative staff

There are no sector-specific regulations concerning dismissals (national labour regulations apply)

100

100% Promotion procedures for senior academic staff

Universities can freely decide on promotion procedures

100

100% Promotion procedures for senior administrative staff

Universities can freely decide on promotion procedures

Academic weighted 68% unweighted 78%

60

60% Overall student numbers

Universities negotiate with an external authority

100

100% Admissions procedures at Bachelor level

Admission criteria are set by the university

This applies to 8 other countries: Estonia, Finland, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Slovakia, United Kingdom

100

100% Admissions procedures at Master's level

Admission criteria are set by the university

100

100% Introduction of programmes at Bachelor level

Universities can open degree programmes without prior accreditation

This applies to 7 other countries: Austria, Ireland, Luxembourg, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom

100

100% Introduction of programmes at Master's level

Universities can open degree programmes without prior accreditation

This applies to 7 other countries: Austria, Ireland, Luxembourg, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom

80

80% Introduction of programmes at doctoral level

Other restrictions

This applies to 7 other countries: Austria, Estonia, Finland, Flanders, Iceland, Latvia, Sweden

100

100% Termination of degree programmes

Universities can terminate degree programmes independently

100

100% Language of instruction at Bachelor level

Universities can choose the language of instruction for all programmes

100

100% Language of instruction at Master's level

Universities can choose the language of instruction for all programmes

0

0% Selection of quality assurance mechanisms

Universities cannot select quality assurance mechanisms

0

0% Selection of quality assurance providers

Universities cannot choose the quality assurance agency

100

100% Capacity to design content of degree programmes

Universities can freely design the content of degree programmes and courses (other than for the regulated professions)