Slovenia

The country is for the first time included in the Autonomy Scorecard in the 2016 update.

Recent developments:

  • Promotions for senior administrative staff restricted since economic crisis

Organisational autonomy: medium high

The appointment and dismissal of the university executive head do not require external validation. Universities can decide on selection criteria and term of office. Universities must include external members on their boards but can select only some of them. Universities cannot freely decide on academic structures and cannot create for-profit legal entities.

Financial autonomy: medium low

Universities receive public funding via annual block grants for teaching activities and may reallocate funds internally across categories. While they may keep surpluses generated from public funding without restrictions, borrowing money and selling real estate require government approval. Universities may not charge fees to national and EU students at Bachelor and Master levels. The level of fees is set in cooperation with the State for international students at all levels and for all students at doctoral level.

Academic autonomy: medium low

Overall student numbers are negotiated with the government and student selection is centrally regulated at Bachelor and Master levels. New programmes must be accredited by the national agency. There are regulations regarding the language of instruction and a programme must be available in Slovenian before a university is able to deliver it in another language.

Staffing autonomy: medium low

Universities may only hire staff within the limits set by a government-approved annual Human Resources plan. University staff have civil servant status; their salaries are set externally and dismissals are regulated in accordance with civil service rules. There are restrictions on promotions for senior administrative staff.

Organisational weighted 65% unweighted 68%

100

100% Selection procedure for the executive head

The selection of the executive head is not validated by an external authority

100

100% Selection criteria for the executive head

The selection criteria for the executive head are not stated in the law

60

60% Dismissal of the executive head

Other restrictions

This applies to 7 other countries: Austria, Hesse, Italy, Lithuania, North Rhine-Westphalia, Norway, Poland,

100

100% Term of office of the executive head

The length of the term of office is not stated in the law

This applies to 5 other countries: Denmark, Wallonia, The Netherlands, Spain, United Kingdom

57

57% External members in university governing bodies

Universities cannot decide as they must include external members

External members are partly appointed by the university and partly by an external authority

This applies to 6 other countries: Austria, Croatia, France, Wallonia, Hesse, Iceland,

0

0% Capacity to decide on academic structures

Faculties/other academic structures are listed in the law

This applies to 3 other countries: Croatia, Luxembourg, Slovakia,

60

60% Capacity to create legal entities

Universities are only allowed to create not-for-profit legal entities

This applies to one other country: Switzerland

Financial weighted 57% unweighted 55%

60

60% Length of public funding cycle

60

60% Type of public funding

Block grant is split into broad categories and there are no or limited possibilities to move funds between these

This applies to 7 other countries: France, Wallonia, Hungary, Lithuania, Portugal, Slovakia, Sweden

80

80% Ability to borrow money

Universities can borrow money with the approval of an external authority

This applies to 4 other countries: Croatia, France, Luxembourg, Spain

100

100% Ability to keep surplus

Surplus can be kept without restrictions

60

60% Ability to own buildings

Universities can sell their buildings with the approval of an external authority

This applies to 5 other countries: Croatia, Iceland, Luxembourg, Norway, Switzerland

0

0% Tuition fees for national/EU students at Bachelor level

There are no tuition fees

0

0% Tuition fees for national/EU students at Master's level

There are no tuition fees

60

60% Tuition fees for national/EU students at doctoral level

Universities and an external authority cooperate in setting the level of tuition fees

This applies to one other country: Switzerland

60

60% Tuition fees for non-EU students at Bachelor level

Universities and an external authority cooperate in setting the level of tuition fees

This applies to 4 other countries: Denmark, Finland, Poland, Switzerland

60

60% Tuition fees for non-EU students at Master's level

Universities and an external authority cooperate in setting the level of tuition fees

This applies to 4 other countries: Denmark, Finland, Poland, Switzerland

60

60% Tuition fees for non-EU students at doctoral level

Universities and an external authority cooperate in setting the level of tuition fees

This applies to 3 other countries: Hungary, Poland, Switzerland

Staffing weighted 44% unweighted 42%

83

83% Recruitment procedures for senior academic staff

Recruitments are carried out freely by universities

Other restrictions

83

83% Recruitment procedures for senior administrative staff

Recruitments are carried out freely by universities

Other restrictions

This applies to 4 other countries: Hungary, Ireland, Serbia, Spain

0

0% Salaries for senior academic staff

Salaries are set by an external authority/civil servant status for all staff

This applies to 5 other countries: Croatia, Wallonia, Italy, Slovakia, Spain

0

0% Salaries for senior administrative staff

Salaries are set by an external authority/civil servant status for all staff

This applies to 3 other countries: Croatia, Wallonia, Slovakia,

0

0% Dismissal of senior academic staff

Dismissals are strictly regulated due to civil servant status for all staff

This applies to 9 other countries: Croatia, France, Wallonia, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, The Netherlands, Norway, Spain

0

0% Dismissal of senior administrative staff

Dismissals are strictly regulated due to civil servant status for all staff

This applies to 7 other countries: Croatia, France, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, The Netherlands, Norway,

100

100% Promotion procedures for senior academic staff

Universities can freely decide on promotion procedures

71

71% Promotion procedures for senior administrative staff

Other restrictions

This applies to 9 other countries: Denmark, France, Wallonia, Hesse, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, North Rhine-Westphalia, Serbia,

Academic weighted 44% unweighted 41%

60

60% Overall student numbers

Universities negotiate with an external authority

0

0% Admissions procedures at Bachelor level

Admissions are entirely regulated by an external authority

This applies to 7 other countries: Austria, Flanders, France, Wallonia, Hungary, Lithuania, Switzerland

60

60% Admissions procedures at Master's level

Admission criteria are co-regulated by an external authority and universities

This applies to 7 other countries: Austria, Croatia, Denmark, Flanders, Hungary, The Netherlands, Sweden

0

0% Introduction of programmes at Bachelor level

All new degree programmes/courses must be submitted to prior accreditation to be introduced

0

0% Introduction of programmes at Master's level

All new degree programmes/courses must be submitted to prior accreditation to be introduced

0

0% Introduction of programmes at doctoral level

All new degree programmes/courses must be submitted to prior accreditation to be introduced

This applies to 9 other countries: Croatia, France, Wallonia, Hungary, Italy, Portugal, Serbia, Slovakia, Spain

100

100% Termination of degree programmes

Universities can terminate degree programmes independently

83

83% Language of instruction at Bachelor level

Universities can choose the language of instruction only if the programme is also offered in the national language

This applies to one other country: Wallonia

83

83% Language of instruction at Master's level

Universities can choose the language of instruction only if the programme is also offered in the national language

This applies to one other country: Wallonia

0

0% Selection of quality assurance mechanisms

Universities cannot select quality assurance mechanisms

0

0% Selection of quality assurance providers

Universities cannot choose the quality assurance agency

100

100% Capacity to design content of degree programmes

Universities can freely design the content of degree programmes and courses (other than for the regulated professions)