- Appointment process for external members of university boards/councils changed in 2012 to increase transparency around appointments
- Student numbers have been restricted for more academic programmes due to concerns about graduate employment
- From 2013 onwards there has been a change in the government’s regulation of admissions criteria at Bachelor level, with a move from external regulation to greater co-regulation with universities
- From 2014 onwards the Danish quality assurance system has been in transition, evolving from programme accreditation to institutional accreditation
- In 2013 the government introduced a new ‘pre-qualification’ requirement to ensure all new programmes have relevance in the employment market
Organisational autonomy: high
The selection criteria for executive heads are stated in law, which also regulates characteristics of university boards/councils (minimum and maximum size, inclusion of external members and their basic competences). The selection procedure, term of office and dismissal process for the executive head are the responsibility of universities. They also appoint their board members independently.
Financial autonomy: medium high
Universities receive an annual block grant of which they control the internal allocation. There are no restrictions on universities owning, buying and selling buildings. Universities may not charge tuition fees to Danish and EU nationals at any level. Universities may charge tuition fees to non-EU nationals at Bachelor and Master levels.
Academic autonomy: medium high
There are restrictions on student numbers for some programmes set by an external authority. At Bachelor and Master levels admissions are co-regulated by universities and an external authority. All new programmes must meet a ‘pre-qualification’ requirement to ensure they are relevant to employers. Universities in Denmark cannot choose either external quality assurance mechanisms or providers.
Staffing autonomy: high
The number of posts is regulated by an external authority for some administrative staff. Salaries for academic staff are negotiated with other parties. For administrative staff salary bands are prescribed by an external authority. For both academic and administrative staff promotions public sector regulations apply so posts cannot be filled until after a vacancy has been advertised and an application process has taken place.
Organisational weighted 94% unweighted 94%
100% Selection procedure for the executive head
The selection of the executive head is not validated by an external authority
75% Selection criteria for the executive head
The law states that the executive head must hold an academic position
100% Dismissal of the executive head
The procedure for the dismissal of the executive head is not stated in the law
100% Term of office of the executive head
The length of the term of office is not stated in the law
100% External members in university governing bodies
Universities cannot decide as they must include external members
This applies to 23 other countries: Austria, Croatia, Finland, Flanders, France, Wallonia, Hesse, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, North Rhine-Westphalia, Norway, Portugal, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland