The Luxembourgish higher education system is centred on the University of Luxembourg, which is the only higher education institution with university status in Luxembourg.
- There has been a continued decrease in the number of staff with civil servant status who now comprise less than 10% of staff
Organisational autonomy: low
The law prescribes the selection criteria for the executive head and their term of office. It also specifies the procedure for their dismissal. Both the appointment and dismissal of the executive head require the confirmation of an external authority. All the members of the main decision-making body are external to the university and they are all appointed by an external authority. Academic structures are outlined in law.
Financial autonomy: high
The university freely allocates funding internally on the basis of a four-year financial agreement. It requires the approval of an external authority to keep surpluses, borrow money and sell buildings. It freely decides on the level of tuition fees at all levels.
Academic autonomy: high
The university decides on overall student numbers and on student admission at all levels, as well as on the language of instruction. It can introduce new programmes autonomously and undergoes institutional accreditation.
Staffing autonomy: high
The university freely recruits senior academic and administrative staff. Phasing-out of the civil servant status means that the university can set salaries with increasing autonomy. There are no specific regulations for dismissals. Promotions for academic staff are only possible if there is a post available at a higher level.
Organisational weighted 34% unweighted 35%
0% Selection procedure for the executive head
The selection of the executive head is validated by an external authority
75% Selection criteria for the executive head
The law states that the executive head must hold an academic position
40% Dismissal of the executive head
The dismissal is confirmed by an external authority and the procedure is stated in the law
0% Term of office of the executive head
The exact length is stated in the law
29% External members in university governing bodies
Universities cannot decide as they must include external members
This applies to 23 other countries: Austria, Croatia, Denmark, Finland, Flanders, France, Wallonia, Hesse, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, The Netherlands, North Rhine-Westphalia, Norway, Portugal, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland