- Law on ‘Enhanced Governance Powers’ passed in 2016 with increased student involvement in university governance
- New student funding system introduced in 2015
- ‘Lighter’ programme accreditation introduced after 2015
- Law regulating public sector salaries introduced in 2013
Organisational autonomy: medium high
The appointment of the members of the university executive board must be confirmed by the ministry. Universities decide on selection criteria, terms of office and dismissal. The members of the university supervisory board are all external and are appointed by the ministry. Universities can decide on their internal academic structures and may create legal entities.
Financial autonomy: medium high
Universities operate on a yearly budget and can freely allocate funds internally. They may keep surpluses and borrow money as well as own and sell buildings. Restrictions to financial autonomy apply to tuition fees for national and EU students for Bachelor and Master programmes, which are set externally. Universities may set fees for doctoral programmes and to international students.
Academic autonomy: medium low
In a system of free admission, Dutch universities cooperate with the ministry to regulate student selection. Prior accreditation of programmes at Bachelor and Master levels is required and universities cannot choose the quality assurance provider. Universities are free to terminate programmes, choose the language of instruction and design the content of academic programmes.
Staffing autonomy: medium high
Universities freely organise the recruitment and promotion of senior academic and administrative staff. Salary bands are negotiated with other parties and strict regulations apply for dismissal.
Organisational weighted 69% unweighted 76%
0% Selection procedure for the executive head
The selection of the executive head is validated by an external authority
100% Selection criteria for the executive head
The selection criteria for the executive head are not stated in the law
100% Dismissal of the executive head
The procedure for the dismissal of the executive head is not stated in the law
100% Term of office of the executive head
The length of the term of office is not stated in the law
29% External members in university governing bodies
Universities cannot decide as they must include external members
This applies to 23 other countries: Austria, Croatia, Denmark, Finland, Flanders, France, Wallonia, Hesse, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, North Rhine-Westphalia, Norway, Portugal, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland